Flashcards › Western Civ 101 Finals Study Guide

The Italian renaissance was primarily: a recovery or rebirth of antiquity & Greco-Roman culture The word "Renaissance" means rebirth Economic developments in the Renaissance included: a revival in trade According to Jacob Burckhardt, the Renaissance in Italy represented: A distinct break from the Middle Ages & the true birth of the modern world The Medici controlled the finances of the Italian city states of: Florence What was the commercial & military league set up off the north coast of Germany? Hanseatic League Two key areas of Renaissance technological innovation were: mining & metal working, including manufacture of firearms The cultural center of the European renaissance was: Florence Castiglione’s The Courtier was: A very popular handbook laying out the new skills in politics, the arts, & personal comportment expected of Renaissance aristocrats The achievements of the Italian Renaissance were the products of: An elite movement, involving small numbers of wealthy patrons, artists, & intellectuals The aristocracy of the sixteenth century was: To dominate society as it had done in the Middle Ages In most European countries of the renaissance, nobles made up what percentage of the total population? 2-3 percent Banquets during the Renaissance: were used to express wealth & power of an aristocratic family the third Estate of the fifteenth century was: made up of peasants, merchants, & artisans Western Europe in the Renaissance saw: a decline in serfdom Slavery in Renaissance Italy: saw slaves from Africa & the eastern Mediterranean used mostly as courtly domestic servants & as skilled workers The reintroduction of slavery in the fourteenth century occurred largely as a result of: The shortage of labor created by the Black Death Which of the following statements best describes marriage in Renaissance Italy? Marriages were usually arranged, to strengthen familial alliances Marriages in renaissance Italy were: An economic necessity of life involving complicated family negotiations By the fifteenth century, Italy was: Dominated by five major regional independent powers Perhaps the most famous of Italian ruling women was: Isabella d'Este Federigo da Montefeltro of Urbino was: a fine example of a skilled, intelligent, independent Italian warrior prince The peace of Lodi in 1454 exemplifies what key Italian Renaissance political concept? A balance of power between multiple, competing territorial states Machiavelli’s ideas as expressed in The Prince achieve a model for: a modern secular concept of power politics Italian Renaissance humanism in the early fifteenth century, above all else: was based on the study of the Greco-Roman classics in the late fifteenth century, Italy became a battleground for the competing interests of: France and Spain Neoplatonism in mid-fifteenth century Italy: was revived when Marsilio Ficino translated many of Plato's works Neoplatonism was based on two primary ideas: A hierarchy of substances & a theory of spiritual love The Corpus Hermeticum: contained writings on the occult as well as theological & philosophical speculations of great interest to humanists Pico della Mirandola's Orations on the Dignity of Man stated that: Humans could be whatever they chose or willed A subject of particular interest to fifteenth-century humanists was: the Greek language the liberal education taught by Vittorino da Feltre: contained as its primary goal the creation of well-rounded, virtuous & ethical citizens Liberal education in the Renaissance included all of the following except: the study of martial arts humanism's main effect of the writing of history was: the secularization of historiography & the explanation of change over time Who played a leading role in perfecting movable type for printing? Johannes Gutenberg The development of printing in the fifteenth century: ensured that literacy & new knowledge would spread rapidly in European society Italian artists in the fifteenth century began to: experiment in areas of perspective Which of the following groups of Italian artists dominated the High Renaissance? de Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo What was the name of the Renaissance painter who achieved fame earlier in his career for his beautiful madonnas? Raphael Which of the following is not true of Northern Renaissance artists? They valued the secular human form as the primary vehicle of expression Among the greatest patrons of Renaissance music must be counted: the dukes of Burgundy the "new monarchs" of the late fifteenth century in Europe: were often obsessed with the aquisition & expansion of power the results of the Hundred Years' War: reinvigorated & strengthened the French monarchy - caused economic turmoil in England - temporarily strengthened the nobility in England Under Ferdinand & Isabella, Spain: saw Muslim power vanish from the peninsula All of the following monarchs were successful in continuing the centralization of their "new monarchies" except: Maximilian I of the Holy Roman Empire the Habsburg dynasty ruled in: Holy Roman Empire The Byzantine Empire was finally destroyed in 1453 by: the Turks John Wycliffe condemned the Church for all of the following except that the: pope should be given greater power to eliminate heresy The Renaissance popes did all of the following except: attempt to return to the papacy to more humble times The Renaissance papacy: was often seen as debauched, especially under pope Alexander VI Ch.12 - Recovery & Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance