Robert E. Lee did not accept command of the Union troops because he could not fight against Virginia. Lincoln suspended writs of habeas corpus. As a result, a person could be imprisioned indefinitely without trial. Jefferson Davis wanted to fight a war of attrition, in which the South would avoid large battles and force the North to exhaust its resources. Citizens of the South suffered food shortages during the Civil War because the South's transportation system had collapsed. The prison in the South where 13,000 captured Union soldiers died was Andersonville. In response to the South's treatment of African American troops, Lincoln stopped all prisoner exchanges. Benjamin Grierson's forces traveled 600 miles in order to distract Confederate forces so Grant could land south of Vicksburg. The capture of Chattanooga was an important objective for Union forces because they would then control a major railroad running south to Atlanta. In the election of 1864, candidate George McClellan promised to stop the fighting and negotiate. _________ was an advantage the South enjoyed over the North at the beginning of the war. More military colleges. The Trent Affair brought the Union close to war with Britain. The Anaconda Plan proposed a blockade of Confederate ports. The Emancipation Proclamation decreed freedom for all enslaved people in the states at war with the Union. Hardtack was a type of biscuit. The Confederate commander at Vicksburg surrendered because his troops were starving. After Lincoln fired McClellan, he gave command of the army to a series of generals, including Burnside, Hooker, Meade and Grant. Farragut's victory at Mobile Bay was important because blockade runners could no longer use any port on the Gulf of Mexico east of the Mississippi River. The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution prohibited slavery The abolitionists' view of the Civil War was that it was a war of liberation and indicated that Union soldiers realized the long-term importance of their actions. As the Civil War began, President Lincoln's goal was to preserve the union, even if it meant allowing slavery to continue. President Jefferson Davis' ability to conduct the war was hampered by the Confederacy's commitment to states' rights. Why was it necessary to pass the thirteenth Amendment after the Emancipation Proclamation had been issued? The Emancipation Proclamation had freed the enslaved only in the states at war with the Union. Lee defeated Hooker's troops in dense woods known as the _____ near the town of Chancellorsville, Virginia. Wilderness What event at Gettysburg resulted in the slaughter of Confederate troops? Pickett's Charge. The famous quote "[a nation] conceived in liberty, dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal" was part of the Gettysburg Address. Why did infection spread quickly in field hospitals during the Civil War? Surgeons used the same unsterilized instruments on all their patients.