Flashcards › Glencoe US HX Ch 14: Imperialism

According to a Resolution passed by Congress in 1898, Chinese immigration to Hawaii and the United States was restricted. The theory of Anglo-Saxon imperialism was based on the idea that Anglo-Saxons were superior to all others. The Roosevelt Corollary was an extension of the Monroe Doctrine. In 1903, the United States negotiated for the right to build a canal through Panama with Columbia. As tensions were building against the Spanish in Cuba, there was a strong sense of aggressive nationalism within the Republican Party called militarism. American settlers in Hawaii quickly discovered that the climate and soil of the islands were suitable for growing sugar cane. What is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations? imperialism. The Commercial Bureau of the American Republics, formed to promote cooperation among nations of the Western Hemisphere, is today known as the Organization of American States. The Japanese had never before seen steamships like those that arrived in Edo Bay under the command of Matthew Perry According to the treaty that ended the Spanish American War, the United States would annex Guam and Puerto Rico. When Roosevelt heard the drummling sound of a Gatlin gun, he immediately identified it as coming from United States Troops. In the late 19th Century Anglo-Saxonism was used as an excuse for imperialism. The Anti-Imperialism League's views on American imperialism was similar to British action against American Colonists. The United States gained control over Palanan and the rest of the Philippines as a result of the Spanish-American War. Commodore Dewey attacked the Spanish ships in Manila Bay to prevent them from attacking the United States. The Roosevelt Corollary was seen as a statement which built upon the Monroe Doctrine. U. S. Actions in the Pacific and in Latin America were primarily focused on improving the United States economically. Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for negotiating peace between Russia and Japan. By the late 1800's, growth of investment opportunities in western Europe had slowed because most of the imdustries that Europe's economy needed had beed built. The Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown by a group of planters supported by U. S. Marines. Secretary of State James G. Blaine led efforts to expand American Influence into Latin America. American support for Cuban rebels was fueled by sensational stories published by rival newspapers. In 1898 President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Havana to evaucate Americans if necessary. Supporters of annexing the Philippines beleived that the islands would provide the U. S. with a naval base. The Platt Amendment effectively made Cuba into an American protectorate. Theodore Roosevelt became president when Mckinley was assassinated. The purpose for the Open Door Policy was to ensure trading rights with China. As a result of the war between Japan and China in 1894, Japan acquired territory in Manchuria. Theodore Roosevelt was chosen as McKinley's running mate in the 1900 election because of his status as a war hero. The Philippines are now independent. The Treaty of Paris, which formally ended the Spanish-American War, granted independence to Cuba. The United States caused an economic crisis in Cuba by passing a tariff on sugar. In the late 1800's, support grew in the U. S. for building a large modern navy to defend American interests. At the first Pan-American Conference, the United States wanted Latin American delegates to agree to a customs union, which would require nations to reduce their tariffs. President Millard Fillmore sent a naval expedition to Japan to force Japan to trade with the United States. In the late 1800's Europeans were looking overseas for places to sell their products because tariffs had reduced trade among industrial nations. Imperialism

Close