Flashcards › Geography - Unit 1

globe a sphere on which is depicted a map of the earth map a representation, usually on a flat surface, as of the features of an area of the earth or a portion of the heavens, showing them in their respective forms, sizes, and relationships projection a systematic construction of lines drawn on a plane surface representative of and corresponding to the meridians and parallels of the curved surface of the earth or celestial sphere latitude the angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point longitude angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian, as that of Greenwich, England, and expressed either in degrees or by some corresponding difference in time Equator the great circle of the earth that is equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole Prime Meridian the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned hemisphere half of the terrestrial globe or celestial sphere, especially one of the halves into which the earth is divided. Compare Eastern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere absolute location the specific location of a place scale a graduated line, as on a map, representing proportionate size key explanatory table of symbols used on a map or chart; also called map legend compass rose a circle or decorative device printed on a map or chart showing the points of the compass measured from true north and usually magnetic north cardinal directions the main directions on a compass North, East, South and West Five Themes of Geography The five themes of geography are; location, place, human-environment interaction, movement and region location position on the earth's surface relative location a point or place in relation to another point or place place the physical and human characteristics that make up a location movement the transportation of people, goods and ideas from one location to another region people and places share one or more common characteristics decade a period of ten years century a period of 100 years millennium a period of 1,000 years Global Positioning System (GPS) a system of earth-orbiting satellites, transmitting signals continuously towards the earth, that enables the position of a receiving device on or near the earth's surface to be accurately estimated from the difference in arrival times of the signals Geographic Information System (GIS) A computer system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analysing and displaying data related to positions on the Earth's surface. human environment interaction how people affect the environment and how the environment affects people Vocabulary words for Introduction to Geography