Flashcards › Geography (AP Human Geo Unit 1)

What is the type of geography related to map making? cartography The spread of something over a given area is its_?_. concentration The time in this time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map. projection The region from which innovative ideas originate. hearth The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator (0 degrees). latitude The physcial and cultural character of a place, such as terrain and dominant religions.. site The location of a place relative to other places. situation (relative location) The reduction in time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems. space-time compression The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area. pattern A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character. place The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a populaton. contagious diffusion The process of spreading a feature from one place to another over time. diffusion The arrangement of something across Earth's surface distribution The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process. expansion diffusion An area in which everyone shares one or more distinctive characteristics. formal (uniform or homogeneous) region An area organized around a node or focal point. Functional region (or nodal region) A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data in thematic layers. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope. Globalization Changes in the natural environment created by humans Anthropogenic The study of the interactions between societies and the natural world cultural ecology The human-modified natural landscape specifically containing the imprint of a particular culture or society. cultural landscape He coined the term "geography", he was one of the first cartographers. Eratosthenes A set of satellites used to locate anywhere on the earth with an electronic device. Global Position System (GPS) Pertains to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place. Idiographic Wrote Man and Nature, gave the first description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions. George Perkins Marsh The environment that has not been affected by humans natural landscape Concepts or rules that can be applied universally. nomothetic He stated that geography came from four distict areas, earth-science, culture-environment, locational, and area-analysis. W.D. Pattison The branch of geography that studies the landforms, processess, distributions, and change through time of the natural phenomena of the earth's surface. physical geogrpahy Author of the Guide to Geography which including maps that used the grid system of latitude and longitude. Ptolemy A territory that encompasses many places that have many common characteristics both physical and cultural. Region Observation and mathematical measurement of the earth's surface using satellites images. Remote sensing Geographer who defined the concept of a cultural landscape which result from interaction between humans and their physical environment. Carl Sauer Individual maps of specfic features that are overlaid on one another in a GIS to understand and analyze spatial relationships. thematic layers The belief that the physical environment may limit certain human activities, but also that people can adapt to their environment. possibilism The belief that the environment causes human development. environmental determinism The names given to all inhabited places on the Earth's surface. toponyms A standard grid system coordinate system 180 degrees longitude International Date Line The frequency with which something occurs in an area. density Objects that are closer together. clustered Objects that are farther apart. dispersed The ratio between the distance on a map and the actual distance on the Earth's surface. scale (map) Maps that cover large regions, such as the world. small scale maps Maps that cover small regions, such as a city map large scale maps A region that exists in people's minds. vernacular or perceptual region One's attachment to a region perceived as home. Sense of Place The extent to which one place can supply something that another place needs. Complementarity There will be generally more interaction between things that are closer together than those that are further away. Tobler's First Law of Geography (friction of distance) Ch. 1 Thinking Geographically