Flashcards › Chapter 20 American History Test

The British and French realized that appeasement had failed when Hitler made demands for territory in Poland. The Axis powers were made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan. Stalin agreed to a nonaggression treaty with Germany because he believed that it would turn Germany against Britain and France and keep the USSR safe. The Nye Committee report created the impression that America's entry into world War I was influenced by American arms manufacturers. Adolph Hitler blamed Germany's defeat in World War I on the Jews. Two causes of the rise of dictatorships after World War I were the peace treaty and economic depression. In presenting his "Four Freedoms," Roosevelt was trying to shift public opinion toward helping Britain. The Nazis' "final solution" referred to their plans to exterminate Europe's Jews. Most of the Jewish Refugees aboard the SS St. Louis died in the Nazis' "final solution." The Nuremberg Laws took citizenship away from Jewish Germans. The Nazi-Soviet nonaggression treaty contained a secret deal to divide Poland between them. In the Munich Conference, Britain and France gave in to Hitler's demands for the Sudetenland. The first area that Hitler "unified" with Germany was Austria. The Neutrality Act of 1935 made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country that was at war. To get resources, the Japanese military invaded Manchuria. The Lend-Lease Act was Roosevelt's way of getting arms to Britain without Britain having to pay cash. Roosevelt sent destroyers to Britain in exchange for U.S. bases on British-held territory. In the Wannsee Cinference, Nazi leaders planned the "final solution." A night of Anti-Jewish violence bacame known as Kristallnacht. In the Battle of Britain, The Royal Air Force saved Britain from invasion. The Hebrew term for the Holocaust is Shoah. By focusing on bombing London, Hitler hoped to terrorize the British people into surrendering. Although the city of Danzig was more than 90 percent German, since world War I it had been a part of Poland. Mambers of the Fascist militia that backed Mussolini where known as Blackshirts. Mussolini exploited the public's fears by portraying fascism as a bulwark against communism. At first, Britain and France geve in to Hitler's demands, a policy known as appeasement. In order to exterminate Jews more quickly, the Nazis built extermination facilities in a number of concentration camps, mostly in Poland. Roosevelt developed the idea of a hemispheric defense zone in order to protect British cargo ships in the Atlantic from German submarines. In 1940, Roosevelt disregarded the tradition Geroge Washington had set by running for a third term. At Auschwitz, elderly or disabled people, the sick, and mothers and children were immediately sent to the gas champers. A World in Flames