Flashcards › Chapter 17 American History Review Quest

The new morality of the 1920;s glorified personal freedom. In the early 1920's, the Ku Klux Klan added to its membership by hiring professional promoters. Many people viewed Sacco and Vanzetti with suspicion because they were Italian immigrants and anarchist. The McNary-Haugen Bill called for the government to buy American crop surpluses and sell them abroad. Commercial radio began its rise in November 1920, with news about the presidential election. Henry Ford's system for making cars increased effeciency by dividing operations into simple tasks. Coolidge believed part of his job as president was to make sure the government interfered with business and industry as little as possible. Warren G. Harding won the presidency by appealing to Americans' desire to return to lilfe as it was before the war. The U. S. Government set a trend for restricting immigration in the early 1900's. Only 3 percent of any ethnic grou's current population could be admitted each year after the passage of the Emergency Quota Act. The flowering of African American arts in the 1920's became known as the Harlem Renaissance. John t. Scopes was put on trilal for teaching evolution. After entrepreneurs such as Glenn curtis started building practical aircraft, the federal government begin to support the airline industry. In the Teapot dome scandal, Albert B. Fall recieved bribes for allowing private interest to lease lands containing U. S. Naval oil reserves. The Ohio Gange was a group of Harding's friends. According to New York's Grenwich Village to be noticed, one would have to shoot someone else. In an advertising campaign, Ford spent 2 cents per car. One of the NAACP's greatest political triumphs occurred in 1930 with the defeat of an allegedly racist judge nominated for the Supreme Court. The NAACP's lobbying efforts influenced the House of Representatives to pass, in 1932, anti-lybnching legislation. The Cotton Club was a Harlem nightspot where many Affrican American entertainers got their start. The golden age of Holloywood began in 1927 with the release of the first "talking" motion picture. The purpose of the Vplstead Act was to enforce Prohibition. After World War I, most Americans wanted to avoid future wars by avoiding involvement in foreign affairs. An unintended effect of the Fordney-McCumber Act was that farmers could no longer sell their crops to overseas markets. Calvin Coolidge beecame president when Warren G. Harding died in office. The Universal Negro Imlprovement Association was formed to promote black pride and unity. Vanzetti belileved that one of the reasons he was convicted was because he was a foreigner. Because the country faced a large postwar national debt, people believed it was important to selectr a competent Treasury Secretary. Henry Ford's business philosophy was to increase sales by lowering the cost per car. An innovation instiltuted by International Harvester in 1926 was an annual two week paid vacation. Unions declined during the 1920's in part because many corporations instituted welfare capitalism. Attorney General Harry Daugherty resigned in disgrace after being investigated for taking bribes in exchange for allowing immunity to wealthy businessmen accused of insider trading. People who supperted supply sided economics believed that lowering taxes would increase tax money collected. The Roaring Twenties

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