Flashcards › Anatomy Chapter 1

The word derived from the Greek word meaning cutting up is? Anatomy The study of living organisms and their parts is what? Physiology The scientific study of disease is called what? Pathology A group of cells that act together to perform a function is called what? Tissue The heart is an example of what? organ When using directional terms the body is assumed in what position? Anatomical position The body section that divides the nose from the back of the head is? Frontal section The section that divides the body into mirror images is? midsaggital The opposite term for superficial is? deep The oposite term for posterior is? anterior and ventral When a patient is lying flat on their belly this is what position? Prone When a patient is lying flat on their back this is what position? Supine What are the two major body cavities? Dorsal & Ventral When referring to the leg what part of the body are we talking about? area between the knee and the ankle When the human body tries to maintain a constant body temperature what is this called? Homeostasis What term means towards the head? superior What describes the anatomical relationship of the wrist to the elbow? The elbow is proximal to the wrist The diaphram divides what cavities? thoracic and abdominopelvic Towards the midline of the body is called what? Medial Nearest to the trunk or point of origin is called what? Proximal Farther away from the surface is called what? Deep Nearer the surface of the body is called what? superficial Divides the body into upper and lower portions is what? Transverse Plane Which subatomic particle has no charge? Neutron Which subatomic particle has a negative charge? Electron Carbon, Nitrogen and Oxygen are all elements that make up what? The human body A pH less than 7 and more H+ Ions than OH- Ions are known as what? Acids A pH greater than 7 is known as a what? Base The end product of a reaction between a strong acid and a strong base is what? Water, a salt Give an example of a monosaccharide? Glucose Triglycerides have how many fatty acids? three Name a steriod lipid? Cholesterol